Geology of Myrtos Beach

The surrounding sediment at Myrtos Beach is generally made up of marble, a metamorphosed limestone. The beach is made up of round, white cobblestones which decrease in size to that of a small pebble.
The sediment gradually becomes smaller as you approach the shoreline. Because the slope angle has an abrupt drop near the edge of the shoreline the wave energy that is continually acting on Myrtos Beach is very high. This wave action is what causes the gradation trends from cobbles to pebbles along the beach.

Longshore drift, along with wave energy, has an effect on the beauty of this beach. As waves curve along the beach they also pick up the finest bits of marble; this creates what is known as sediment plumes. These plumes follow the curve of the beach with the direction of the waves making the water a brilliant shade of turquoise, well seen in the satellite image on Google Maps[7]. Because of the strength of the waves they carry the plume out past the headlands. Then wave refraction takes over pulling the plumes back into the bay, which is what creates the beautiful anchor shape.
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