Human geography of Crete

Human geography of Crete
Crete is the most populous island in Greece with a population of more than 600,000 people. Approximately 42% live in Crete's main cities and towns whilst 45% live in rural areas.
Administration

Crete with its nearby islands form the Crete Region (Greek: Περιφέρεια Κρήτης), one of the 13 regions of Greece which were established in the 1987 administrative reform. With the 2010 Kallikratis plan, the powers and authority of the regions were redefined and extended. The region is based at Heraklion and is divided into four regional units (pre-Kallikratis prefectures). From west to east these are: Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion and Lasithi. These are further subdivided into 24 municipalities.

The region's governor is, since 1 January 2011, Stavros Arnaoutakis, who was elected in the November 2010 local administration elections for the Panhellenic Socialist Movement.

Cities

Heraklion is the largest city and capital of Crete. The principal cities are:

    * Heraklion (Iraklion or Candia) (130,914 inhabitants)
    * Chania (Haniá) (53,373 inhabitants)
    * Rethymno (27,868 inhabitants)
    * Ierapetra (23,707 inhabitants)
    * Agios Nikolaos (19,462 inhabitants)
    * Sitia (14,338 inhabitants)
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